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Georgia is a country of Transcaucasia located at the eastern end of the Black Sea on the southern flanks of the main crest of the Greater Caucasus Mountains. It is bounded on the north and northeast by Russia, on the east and southeast by Azerbaijan, on the south by Armenia and Turkey, and on the west by the Black Sea. Georgia includes three ethnic enclaves: Abkhazia, in the northwest (principal city Sokhumi); Ajaria, in the southwest (principal city Batʿumi); and South Ossetia, in the north (principal city Tskhinvali). The capital of Georgia is Tbilisi (Tiflis).

The locals call it Sakartvelo and call themselves Kartveli, which most probably derives from a central region in Georgia – Kartli.

Georgia has almost every type of climate, from subtropical and alpine to semi-desert, but its land is also conducive to agriculture, with 49 different types of soil. This makes the Georgian biosphere one of the most ecologically diverse on earth.



Georgia is divided into 9 regions, 1 city, and 2 autonomous republics. These in turn are subdivided into 67 districts and 12 self-governing cities. Also, Georgia contains two official autonomous regions – Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The Georgian terrain is largely mountainous, and more than a third is covered by forest or brushwood. The rugged Georgia terrain may be divided into three bands, all running from east to west.



The Georgian language is a member of the Kartvelian (South Caucasian) family of languages. It has its alphabet, which is thought to have evolved about the 5th century, and there are many dialects. Several other Caucasian languages are spoken by minority groups; many are unwritten.



The Georgians are a proud people with an ancient culture. The ancient culture of the republic is reflected in a large number of architectural monuments, including many monasteries and churches; Georgian architecture (with Armenian) played a considerable role in the development of the Byzantine style. The people are well-known for their hospitality, love of life, lively intelligence, and sense of humor. Georgian culture was influenced by many outstanding branches — Classical Greece, the Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the various Iranian empires, and the Russian Empire. Georgia is known for its folklore, traditional music, dances, theatre, cinema, and art.



The climate of Georgia is exceptionally diversified. The Caucasian barrier protects Georgia from cold air intrusions from the north, while the country is open to the constant influence of warm, moist air from the Black Sea. Western and eastern Georgia has a spectrum of climates varying from moderately humid to a dry subtropical type. There are a lot of rains during the year, but winters are sunny and relatively warm. Summers are very pleasant in Georgia. The highest temperatures occur in July.



Due to its location on the Black Sea and on the historical Silk Road, Georgia since ancient times had been involved in commerce with many lands. Because of the country’s climate and topography, Georgia’s agriculture and tourism have been principal economic sectors. In 1991, Georgia embarked on a major structural reform designed to transition to a free market economy. Tourism plays a great part in the country’s economy. Each year the number of international arrivals grows more and more. Tourist attractions include more than 2,000 mineral springs, and over 12,000 historical and cultural monuments, four of which are recognized as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. The country is a member of international organizations across both Europe and Asia, such as the Council of Europe, the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, Eurocontrol, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, the Association Trio, and the GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development.



The population of Georgia is not like any other ethnic category in Europe or Asia. Ethnic Georgians form about 86.8 percent of the population, while the remainder includes ethnic groups such as Abkhazians, Armenians, Assyrians, Azerbaijanis, Greeks, Jews, Kists, Ossetians, Russians, Ukrainians, Yezidis, and others. About one-fifth of the population is under age 15, and two-fifths are under 30, while the other two-fifths are age 45 or older. The official languages of Georgia are Georgian.



Georgia has a dense transportation system. Nowadays transport in Georgia is provided by air, rail, road, and ferry. In recent years the country invested a lot of money in the improvement of its transport networks. Air and maritime transport are also developing in Georgia. The largest international airport is Tbilisi International Airport. The largest seaport is the Port of Batumi.


Georgia has a population of more than four and a half million people. Georgia’s geo/graphical location, enjoying its picturesque nature and its location between Europe, Asia, and the Middle East, gave it an important strategic location. The country is a good study option for students who are interested in a rich cultural experience and the adventure of exploring an interesting nation that continues to balance its relations between Russia and the EU.

Education System

In Georgia, there are over 60 higher educational institutions recognized by the state, with numbers of private accredited universities higher than public ones. As part of the construction of higher education in the European region, the teaching at universities was reorganized according to the “Bachelor – Master – Doctorate plan (BMD)” which is defined by the Bologna process. Institutions are divided into universities and teaching universities that include bachelor’s, master’s, and Ph.D. programs; and colleges that integrate only bachelor’s and higher professional education programs.

Georgia is a unique study abroad destination, perfect especially for students who want to avoid massive crowds of the more popular international study locations. The education system in Georgia is continually developing and attracts more foreign students to enroll in universities every year. Candidates can choose from a great variety of study options such as business administration, travel, and tourism, marketing and PR, computer science, or social science.
Specialized medicine universities offer unique opportunities to foreign students. Graduates from these institutions can easily apply for any position in health care system centers. Interested applicants can choose the language of instruction, between Russian and English and they must pass a special exam that covers four major subjects: biology, mathematics, physics, and chemistry.

There are over 10,000 International students in Georgia. Georgia is a popular study destination with students from around the world wishing to gain a top-quality education. With top education standards, Georgia is fast becoming a favorite study destination amongst international students. The latest Statistics from Immigration show that many of the students come from different countries such as India, Nigeria, Iran, and Arab countries such as UAE, Egypt, Qatar, Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, etc.

First of all, Georgia is so attractive to many International students because it is a very Safe country, with a cheap cost of living when compared to other European countries, and Low tuition fees in the universities in Georgia.

The official Georgian language is a Kartvelian language, which is used in most Georgian universities or high institutions as a primary language of instruction. Some universities offer English and Russian courses, designed specifically for international students. In most institutions, students can join preparatory courses to learn the Georgian language before pursuing the first-year courses.

Medicine faculties in Georgia require students to have good knowledge of either Russian or English.

Below you can check out popular and demanded courses that offer by different universities in Georgia:

-Medicine and Health
-Applied Sciences and Professions
-Natural Sciences and Mathematics
-Engineering and Technology
-Computer Sciences and IT
-Agriculture and Forestry
-Business and Management
-Education and Training
-Environmental Studies and Earth Sciences
-Journalism and Media
-Social Sciences
-Art, Design, and Architecture
-Hospitality, Leisure, and Sports

Each of the above-stated specialties includes various specializations. Some of them are listed below:

Health Sciences:
-Medical rehabilitation & Nursing care
-Public health management
-Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
-Healthcare economics & management

-Biomedical Engineering
-Mechanical Engineering
-Civil Engineering
-Construction Engineering
-Electrical Engineering
-Information Technology
-Computer Engineering
-Computational Mathematics
-Engineering Physics

-Aircraft Engineering (Mechanical)
-Aeronautical Engineering (Avionics)
-Piloting (Commercial pilot license)
-Private Pilot – III level
-Commercial Pilot – IV level
-Design and manufacture of aircraft

IT and Science:
-Computer Science
-Architecture and Design
-Industrial Management & Technology
-Chemistry & Biochemistry

-Marine Navigation
-Marine Electrical Engineering
-Marine Engineering
-Ports & Terminals Handling Equipment Operation

-Business Administration
-International Business Management
-Customs Brokerage (Customs Processing Specialist)
-Business Management
-American Studies

Social Sciences:
-International relations
-Political Science
-European Studies
-English Philology
-Public Relations

The factors of technological development are also harnessed to raise the level of scientific research, training, and knowledge. Education in Georgia is considered smooth and flexible, which provides the ability for students to study without falling under academic pressure. University study depends on the semester hour system. the academic year in Georgian universities is divided into two consecutive semesters. Just as the vast majority of educational centers and universities are located in the Georgian capital, which saves costs and living for students, especially foreigners. All universities in Georgia are recognized in the Arab countries in particular and in the countries of the world in general.



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